Debut: August 2016

 




   

.: Stephen Brown's M3 Stuart "Honey" Tank

Brand:

Academy
#13270

Scale:

1/35

Modelling Time:

30 hrs

PE/Resin Detail:

none

Comments:

"The tracks were a real pain to do, over 400 parts in those.
Weather is done using the Vallejo chipping medium and some pigments.
The small accessories are to follow. "

M3 Stuart

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Light Tank M3
Stuart m5a1 cfb borden.jpg
M5A1 at Base Borden Museum, Canadian Forces Base Borden, Ontario, Canada.
Type Light tank
Place of origin  United States
Production history
Designer U.S. Army Ordnance Department
Manufacturer American Car and Foundry
Cadillac division of General Motors
General Motors
Massey-Harris
Produced 1941–1944
Number built 22,744 M3 and M5
Variants See Variants
Specifications (Light tank M5A1, late production [1])
Weight 33,500 lb (15.19 metric tons)
Length 15 ft 10.5 in (4.84 m) with sand shields and rear stowage box
Width 7 ft 6 in (2.23 m) with sand shields
Height 8 ft 5 in (2.56 m) over antiaircraft machine gun
Crew 4 (Commander, gunner, driver, assistant driver)

Armor 0.375 to 2.5 in (9.5 to 63.5 mm)
Main
armament
37 mm Gun M6 in Mount M44
147 rounds
Secondary
armament
3 × .30 caliber (7.62 mm) Browning M1919A4 machine guns
6,750 rounds
Engine Twin Cadillac Series 42; 220 hp (164 kW) at 3,400 rpm
Power/weight 14.48 hp/metric ton
Transmission Hydramatic
4 speeds forward, 1 reverse
Suspension Vertical volute spring suspension(VVSS)
Fuel capacity 89 US gallons (340 liters)
Operational
range
100 mi (160 km)
Speed 36 mph (58 kph) on road

The M3 Stuart, formally Light Tank M3, is an American light tank of World War II. It was supplied to British and Commonwealth forces under lend-lease prior to the entry of the U.S. into the war. Thereafter, it was used by U.S. and Allied forces until the end of the war.

The name General Stuart or Stuart given by the British comes from the American Civil War Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart and was used for both the M3 and the derivative M5 Light Tank. In British service, it also had the unofficial nickname of Honey after a tank driver remarked "She's a honey".[2] To the United States Army, the tanks were officially known only as "Light Tank M3" and "Light Tank M5".

The M3 Stuarts were the first American-crewed tanks in World War II to engage the enemy in tank versus tank combat.[3][4]

Development

Observing events in Europe, American tank designers realized that the Light Tank M2 was becoming obsolete and set about improving it. The upgraded design, with thicker armor, modified suspension and new gun recoil system was called "Light Tank M3". Production of the vehicle started in March 1941 and continued until October 1943. Like its direct predecessor, the M2A4, the M3 was initially armed with a 37mm M5 gun and five .30-06 Browning M1919A4 machine guns: coaxial with the gun, on top of the turret in an M20 anti-aircraft mount, in a ball mount in right bow, and in the right and left hullsponsons. Later, the gun was replaced with the slightly longer M6, and the sponson machine guns were removed. For a light tank, the Stuart was fairly heavily armored. It had 38 mm of armor on the hull front, 44 mm on the hull bottom, 51 mm on the gun mantlet, 38 mm on the turret sides, 25 mm on the hull sides, and 25 mm on the hull rear.[5]

A M3A1 going through water obstacle, Ft. Knox, Ky.
A M3A1 going through water obstacle, Ft. Knox, Ky.

Internally, the radial engine was at the rear and the transmission to the driving sprockets at the front. The prop shaft connecting the two ran through the middle of the fighting compartment. The radial engine compounded the problem, having its crankshaft high off the hull bottom.[6] When a turret floor was introduced, the crew had less room. The rear idler sprocket was moved to a trailing (ground contact) position.

M5 Stuart

To relieve the demand for the radial aero-engines used in the M3, a new version was developed using twin Cadillac V-8 automobile engines and twin Hydra-Matic transmissions operating through a transfer case. This variation was quieter, cooler and roomier. Owing to its automatic transmission it also simplified crew training. The new model (initially called M4 but redesignated M5 to avoid confusion with the M4 Sherman[7]) also featured a redesigned hull with sloped glacis plate and driver's hatches moved to the top. Although the main criticism from the units using it was that the Stuarts lacked firepower, the improved M5 series kept the same 37 mm gun. The M5 gradually replaced the M3 in production from 1942 and, after the M7 project proved unsatisfactory, was succeeded by the Light Tank M24 in 1944.

Combat history

Light Tank M5A1 passes through the wrecked streets of Coutances.
An Australian Stuart I during the finalassault on Buna.
British M3 (Stuart I) knocked out during fighting in North Africa.
Republic of China army operating the M3A3 Stuart on Ledo Road

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