.: Pat McCumiskey's Sherman M4A3E8 Street Diorama

Brand:

Academy &
Tamiya

Scale:

1/35th

Modelling Time:

~ hrs

PE/Resin Detail:

none

Comments:

"the Sherman on the base is the one you already photographed. It's the Academy M4A3E8 With dozer attachment ,the  blade didn't fit ,which  is why it has only the mounting points on. The figures that are with it are from a Tamiya set . Straight  out of the box."

M4 Sherman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Medium Tank M4
TankshermanM4.jpg
An M4A3E8 76 mm armed Sherman tank made during theSecond World War.
Type Medium tank
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1942–1955 (USA)
1945–present (Other countries)
Used by United States, and many others (see Foreign variants and use)
Wars World War IIChinese Civil War,Indonesian National Revolution,Greek Civil War1948 Arab–Israeli WarKorean WarRevolución LibertadoraSuez CrisisIndo-Pakistani War of 1965Six-Day WarIndo-Pakistani War of 1971,Yom Kippur War1958 Lebanon crisisLebanese Civil WarCuban RevolutionNicaraguan Revolution
Production history
Designer U.S. Army Ordnance Department
Designed 1940
Manufacturer American Locomotive Co., Baldwin Locomotive Works, Detroit Tank Arsenal, Federal Machine and Welder Co., Fisher Tank Arsenal, Ford Motor Company, Lima Locomotive Works, Pacific Car and Foundry Company, Pressed Steel Car Company, Pullman-Standard Car Company
Produced 1941–1945
Number built 49,234[1]
Variants See U.S. variants and foreign variants
Specifications
Weight 66,800 pounds (30.3 tonnes; 29.8 long tons; 33.4 short tons)
Length 19 ft 2 in (5.84 m)
Width 8 ft 7 in (2.62 m)
Height 9 ft (2.74 m)
Crew 5 (commander, gunner, loader, driver, co-driver)

Armor 3 in (76 mm) maximum
Main
armament

75 mm M3 L/40 gun (90 rounds)

or 76 mm gun M1 (55 rounds)
Secondary
armament
.50 cal Browning M2HB machine gun (300 rounds),
.30-06 Browning M1919A4machine guns (4,750 rounds)
Engine

Continental R975 C1, air-cooled,radial, gasoline
400 hp (298 kW) at 2,400 rpm

M4A4 Model – Chrysler A57 multibank 30 cylinder 21-litre engine. 470 hp at 2,700 rpm.
Power/weight

13.5 hp/metric ton (early production, Chrysler A57)

15.7 hp/metric ton (late production, RD-1820)
Transmission Spicer[2] manual, synchromesh,[2]4 forward (plus 1 overdrive)[2] and 1 reverse gear
Suspension Vertical Volute Spring Suspension (VVSS)
Fuel capacity 175 US gallons (660 litres)
Operational
range
120 miles (193 km) at 175 U.S. gal (660 L); 80 octane
Speed 25 to 30 mph (40 to 48 km/h)[3]

The M4 Sherman, officially the Medium Tank, M4, was the primary battle tank used by the United States and the other Western Allies in World War II. It proved to be a reliable and highly mobile workhorse. In spite of being outweighed by the German tanks later in the war, the Sherman still proved more effective overall than the German Pantheraccording to a US Army Ballistic Research Lab study.[4] Thousands were distributed to the Allies, including the British Commonwealth and the Soviet Union, through the lend-lease program. The M4 was the second most produced tank of the World War II era, after the Soviet T-34, and its role in its parent nation's victory was comparable to that of the T-34. The tank was named after the American Civil War General William Tecumseh Sherman by the British.

The M4 Sherman evolved from the M3 Medium Tank[N 1], which had an unusual side-sponson mounted 75 mm gun. It retained much of the previous mechanical design but added the first American main 75 mm gun mounted on a fully traversing turret, with a gyrostabilizer enabling the crew to fire with reasonable accuracy while the tank was on the move.[5] The designers stressed mechanical reliability, ease of production and maintenance, durability, standardization of parts and ammunition in a limited number of variants, and moderate size and weight. These factors combined with M4 Sherman's then unquestionably superior armor and armament thoroughly outclassed earlier Germanlight and medium tanks of 1939–41. The M4 went on to be produced in very large numbers. It formed the backbone of most offensives by the Western Allies, starting in late 1942.

When the M4 tank arrived in North Africa in 1942, it was clearly superior to both the German Panzer III medium tank, with its long barrel 50 mm gun, and the Panzer IV armed with a 75 mm gun. For this reason, the US Army believed the M4 would be adequate to win the war, and no pressure was exerted for further tank development. Logistical and transport restrictions, such as roads, ports, bridges, et cetera, would also complicate the introduction of a more capable but heavier tank.[6][N 2]

Independent Tank Destroyer (TD) battalions, including the M36 tank destroyer using vehicles built on the M4 hull and chassis, but with open-topped turrets and more lethal, high-velocity guns, also entered widespread use among American army corps. Even by 1944, the bulk of the M4 Shermans kept their dual purpose 75 mm M3,[7] which although possessing less penetrating power than its larger caliber German counterparts was able to destroy multiple heavier German tanks while suffering disproportionately smaller losses, 2 to 1 in the Sherman's favor.[8][non-primary source needed][dubious – discuss] Mobility, mechanical reliability, superior crew ergonomics and the overall declining position of Germany supported by growing superiority in supporting fighter-bombers and artillery, proved more than a match for a foe that had fallen far from their pinnacle.[9]

The relative ease of production allowed huge numbers of the M4 to be produced, and significant investment in tank recovery and repair units paid off with more disabled vehicles being repaired and returned to service. These factors combined to give the Americans numerical superiority in most battles, and allowed many infantry divisions their own M4 and TD assets. By 1944 a typical U.S. infantry division had as semi-permanently attached units an M4 Sherman battalion, a TD battalion, or both. By this stage of the war, German panzer divisions were rarely at full strength, and some U.S. infantry divisions had more fully tracked armored fighting vehicles than the depleted German panzer divisions did, providing a great advantage for the Americans.[10] The Americans also started to introduce the M4A3E8 variant, with horizontal volute spring suspension and an improved high-velocity 76 mm gun previously used only by TDs.

Production of the M4 Sherman was favored by the commander of the armored ground forces, albeit controversially, over the heavier M26 Pershing, which resulted in the latter being deployed too late to play any significant role in the war. In the Pacific Theater, the M4 was used chiefly against Japanese infantry and fortifications; in its rare encounters with much lighter Japanese tanks with weaker armor and guns, the Sherman's superiority was overwhelming. Almost 50,000 vehicles were produced, and its chassis also served as the basis for numerous other armored vehicles such as tank destroyerstank retrievers, and self-propelled artillery.

The Sherman would finally give way to post-war tanks developed from the M26. Various original and updated versions of the Sherman, with improved weapons and other equipment, would continue to see combat effectively in many later conflicts, including the Korean WarArab-Israeli Wars, and the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (where it was used by both sides) into the late 20th century.[11]

Please go to Wikipedia, if you want any further information

Thanks Wikipedia!

Box art:

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