Debut: March 2015

 




   

.: Pat McCumiskey's M48 Patton Diorama

Brand:

Tamiya

Scale:

1/35

Modelling Time:

~ hrs

PE/Resin Detail:

none

Comments:

"comments"

M48 Patton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
M48 Patton
M48 Patton Thun.jpg
M48 Patton on display in ThunSwitzerland.
Type Medium tank[1]
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1953–1990s (USA)
Wars Portuguese Colonial War
Vietnam War
Six Day War
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Yom Kippur war[2]
Lebanese Civil War
Turkish invasion of Cyprus
Iran–Iraq War
Battle of Mogadishu (1993)
Turkey–PKK conflict
Production history
Manufacturer M48: ChryslerFisher BodyFord Motor CompanyAmerican Locomotive Company
Produced M48: 1952–1959
Number built M48: ≈12,000
Variants Many, see the variants section
Specifications
Weight M48: 49.6 short tons (44.3 long tons; 45.0 t) combat ready
Length 9.3 m (30 ft 6 in)
Width 3.65 m (12 ft 0 in)
Height 3.1 m (10 ft 2 in)
Crew 4 (commander, gunner, loader, driver)

Armor 120 mm (4.7 in)
Main
armament
90 mm T54; M48A3 90 mm gun M41; M48A5 and later variants: 105 mm M68 gun
Secondary
armament
.50 cal (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine gun
.30 cal (7.62 mm) M73 Machine gun
Engine

Continental AVSI-1790-6 V12air-cooled Twin-turbo gasoline engine(early M48s) 810 hp (604 kW)

Continental AVDS-1790-2 V12, air-cooled Twin-turbo diesel engine
750 hp
Power/weight 15.1 hp/ton (16.6/tonne)
Transmission General Motors CD-850-4A or -4B, 2 ranges forward, 1 reverse
Suspension Torsion bar suspension
Fuel capacity 200 US gal (760 l; 170 imp gal)
Operational
range
287 mi (462 km)
Speed M48A5: 30 mph (48 km/h)

The M48 Patton is a main battle tank that was designed in the United States. It was the third tank[3] to be officially named after General George S. Patton, commander of theU.S. Third Army[4] during World War II and one of the earliest American advocates for the use of tanks in battle.[5] It was a further development of the M47 Patton tank. The M48 Patton was in U.S. service until replaced by the M60.[4] The M48 served as the U.S. Army and Marine Corps's primary battle tank in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War. It was widely used by U.S. Cold War allies, especially other NATO countries.

The M48 Patton tank was designed to replace the previous M47 Pattons and M4 Shermans. Although largely resembling the M47, the M48 Patton was a completely new tank design. Some M48A5 models served well into the 1980s with American forces, and many various M48 Patton models remain in service in other countries. The M48 was the last U.S. tank to mount the 90 mm tank gun, with the last model, the M48A5, being upgraded to carry the new standard weapon of the M60, the 105mm gun.

The Turkish Army has the largest number of modernized M48 MBTs, with more than 1,400 M48s in its inventory. Of these, around 1,000 have been phased out or are in storage, or have been modified to ARVs.

History

Marines of E Company, 2nd Battalion, 3rd Marines, riding on an M48A3 tank, Vietnam, 1966.

On 27 February 1951, OTCM #33791 initiated the design of the new tank, designated the 90mm Gun Tank T-48 (the prefix letter "T" would be replaced by the prefix "X" beginning with the M60 series tank).[6] A deeper modernization than the M46 and the M47, the M48 featured a new hemispherical turret, new redesigned hull, and an improved suspension. The hull machine gunner position was removed, reducing the crew to 4. It was essentially a new tank. On 2 April 1953, the Ordnance Technical Committee Minutes (OTCM) order #34765 standardized the last of the Patton series tanks as the 90mm Gun Tank M48 Patton.[4]

Nearly 12,000 M48s were built from 1952 to 1959. The early designs, up to the M48A2C's, were powered by a gasoline 12-cylinder engine which was coupled with an auxiliary 8-cylinder engine (called the "Little Joe"). The gasoline engine versions gave the tank a shorter operating range and were more prone to catching fire when hit. Although considered less reliable than diesel powered versions numerous examples saw combat use in various Arab-Israeli conflicts. The low flashpoint of MIL-PRF-6083 hydraulic fluid used in the recoil mechanisms and hydraulic systems for rotating weapons or aiming devices is less than 212 °F (100 °C) and could result in a fireball in the crew compartment when the lines were ruptured from incoming fire.[7] It was not peculiar to the M-48 and is no longer used in combat armored vehicles being replaced with fire resistant hydraulic fluid. Beginning in 1959, most American M48s were upgraded to the M48A3 model which featured a more reliable and longer range diesel power plant. M48s with gasoline engines, however, were still in use in the US Army through 1968 and through 1975 by many West German Army units including the 124th Panzer Battalion.

Please go to Wikipedia, if you want any further information

Thanks Wikipedia!

Box art:

Click on each image for a closer look

Web site contents Copyright Eastern Suburbs Scale Modelling Club 2015, All rights reserved.