Tigr at a rehearsal of the Moscow Victory Parade.
||Infantry Mobility Vehicle
|Place of origin
||Military Industrial Company-GAZ
||Arzamas Machinery Plant
||7,200 kg (15,900 lb)
||5.7 m (19 ft)
||2.4 m (7.9 ft)
||2.4 m (7.9 ft)
||2 + 9, 10, or 11 depending on variant
||SPM-1: 5 mm (0.20 in)
SPM-2: 7 mm (0.28 in)
|7.62mm PKP "Pecheneg" machine gun
or Kord-12.7mm heavy machine gun
30mm AGS-17 grenade launcher
||Cummins 5.9 L (360 cu in) B180 TD 6cyl, 180 hp (130 kW)
Cummins 5.9 L (360 cu in) B205 TD 6cyl, 180 hp (130 kW)
Cummins 5.9 L (360 cu in) B-214 TD 6cyl, 215 hp (160 kW)
GAZ-562 3.2 L (200 cu in) TD 6cyl, 197 hp (147 kW)
||GAZ JSC 5-speed manual
Allison LCT-1000 automatic
GM 545RFE automatic
|1,000 km (620 mi)
||140 km/h (87 mph) on road
80 km/h (50 mph) off-road
The GAZ Tigr (Russian: Тигр and English: Tiger) is a Russian 4x4, multipurpose, all-terrain infantry mobility vehicle manufactured by GAZ, first delivered to the Russian Army in 2006. Primarily used by the Russian Federation's armed forces, it is also used by numerous other countries and organizations.
GAZ-2975 unfinished interior on the assembly line
The Tigr was first shown at the IDEX exhibition in 2001. Pilot production started in 2004 with 96 vehicles. The Russian Army officially adopted the GAZ-2975 into service at the end of 2006. The vehicle was then officially manufactured in 2007.
During the 2010 Interpolitex exhibition, MIC presented the upgraded version of GAZ Tigr-the VPK-233114 Tigr-M-with a new YaMZ-534 diesel engine, additional armour and an NBC protection system. This new GAZ Tigr-M entered service with the Russian army during the first half of the 2013. Mass production and the export version have already been launched with a 205 hp engine.
Tigr armoured cars were reported to be among the AFV's deployed by Russia in the Crimean crisis. Interestingly, they seemed to belong to the Russian Naval Infantry, but that combat arm had not been previously identified as a Tigr user, suggesting that the examples spotted (in a column near Sevastopol on the night of February 28, 2014) were vehicles transferred or on loan from their primary military user, the Russian Army. In early March 2015, OSCE inspectors spotted "a camouflaged GAZ TIGRA-type armoured personnel carrier" guarding a DPR Checkpoint, close to the village Shyrokyne east of Mariupol.
In 2011, "Rosoboronexport" has offered Azerbaijan to create a licensed production of armored vehicles on its territory.
Since 2015, Tigr vehicles are used by the Syrian Army in fight with opposition and extremist groups.
The Russian army in late January 2017 adopted the armored vehicle “Tigr-M” with a remotely controlled weapon module “Arbalet-DM”.
The vehicle was designed to transport troops and various equipment quickly on road and off-road. It has a chassis frame construction, with a traditional layout of front engine, middle crew compartment, and rear cargo area. Standard features include: power steering, independent all-wheel torsion suspension with hydraulic shock absorbers and stabilizer bars, a transfer case with a locking center differential, limited slip differentials, two-speed transfer case, automatic tire inflation, engine block heater, and electric winch.
The GAZ-233001 has optional air conditioning, stereo, electric windows, and an anti-lock braking system.
Armored versions of the Tigr feature 5 mm (0.20 in) (7 mm (0.28 in) for the SPM-2) heat-treated and stress-relieved armor plates. The Tigr can carry a half ton of cargo.
The available engines are a Cummins 5.9 L (360 cu in) B180 turbodiesel with 180 hp (130 kW); a Cummins 5.9 L (360 cu in) B205 turbodiesel producing 180 hp (130 kW); a Cummins 5.9 L (360 cu in) B-214 turbodiesel making 215 hp (160 kW); or a GAZ-562 3.2 L (200 cu in) turbodiesel with 197 hp (147 kW).
Designed for performance in mountain, arctic, and desert environments, the Tigr is capable of operating at ambient temperatures ranging from −14–50 °C (7–122 °F). Moreover, the vehicle has approach and departure angles of 52 degrees and a wading depth of 1.2 m (3.9 ft).
The Tigr is produced in multiple variants.
- GAZ-2975-A prototype unarmoured three-door station wagon sport utility vehicle
- GAZ-2330-Multipurpose unarmoured SUV, made in two and three-door versions
- GAZ-23304-Multipurpose unarmoured five-door wagon with rear hinged doors
- GAZ-233001/GAZ-233011-Multipurpose unarmoured four-door pickup truck
- GAZ-233002/GAZ-233012-Multipurpose unarmoured two-door pickup truck
- GAZ-233003/GAZ-233013-Multipurpose unarmored three-door SUV with a sedan body with optional undivided/divided interior
GAZ-3121 (Tigr-2) at AUTOFORUM-2007 in Nizhny Novgorod
Unarmored civilian version of the Tigr, much like the Hummer H1 draws from the military HMMWV. Released a small series from 2008, mainstream sales at dealers were planned to start in 2009. The car is available in two trim levels-luxury and regular.
The standard SUV is mechanically very similar to the military Tigr. It is packaged with a Steyr turbodiesel with 190 hp (140 kW) or six-cylinder Cummins B205 with 205 hp (153 kW) and is designed for speeds of up to 160 km/h (99 mph). Interior details are borrowed from the GAZ Volga and GAZ Gazelle.
With a weight of 3,500 kg (7,700 lb), the civilian Tiger-2 fuel consumption is 15 L/100 km. Its length is 5.7 m (19 ft), its width and height is 2.3 m (7.5 ft), and its ground clearance is 330 mm (1.08 ft). Compared with the military version, the civilian Tigr is 2,800 kg (6,200 lb) lighter. The price was planned at $270,000/17,600,000 rubles.
In 2007, a ceremonial parade variant was designed. The ceremonial Tigr is a two-door convertible with a removable rigid roof. It features two seats in the front and one in the back, and is finished with modern luxury car appointments. This Tigr is equipped with an automatic Allison 1000 series transmission and Cummins B205 turbodiesel. Vehicle weight was reduced to 4,750 kg (10,470 lb), as this version is unarmoured.
In November 2008, a prototype of the parade Tigr was presented to the Minister of Defense Anatoly Serdyukov. Subsequently, three vehicles were ordered and used in the Victory Day parade on May 9, 2009 at the Palace Square in St. Petersburg and also at the 64th anniversary of Russia's World War II victory.
This Tigr is used by the Russian Interior Ministry OMON in counter-terrorism operations and territorial defense. It is armoured, with IEC 50963-96 Class 3 side/rear protection and Class 5 frontal protection. The vehicle has accommodations for seven occupants including the driver. Early models permit the firing of personal weapons through one-way portholes in the body. In later models personal weapons can be fired through portholes in the armored glass. An automatic gun carriage can be fitted to the roof, along with radio signal jamming equipment.
OMON SPM-1 vehicle during antiriot training in Moscow
OMON SPM-1 vehicle during antiriot training in Moscow