.: Min Hin Chong's T-90A Tank

Brand:

Model Collect

Scale:

1/72

Modelling Time:

~12 hrs

PE/Resin Detail:

none

Comments:

"Out Of Box build
Nice kit
Instructions didn't include all steps
Missing unditching beam & tow cables. "

T-90

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
T-90
2013 Moscow Victory Day Parade (28).jpg
Russian Army T-90A tank on display during parade festivities in May 2013.
Type Main battle tank
Place of origin Russia
Service history
In service 1991–present
Used by See Operators
Production history
Designer Kartsev-Venediktov
Manufacturer Uralvagonzavod
Unit cost $2.77 – 4.25 million USD in 2011 (varies by source)[1]
Produced 1992–present
Number built 2,053+
Specifications
Weight 47.5 tonnes (46.7 long tons; 52.4short tons)
Length 9.63 m (31 ft 7 in)
Width 3.78 m (12 ft 5 in)
Height 2.22 m (7 ft 3 in)
Crew 3

Armor

Steel-composite-reactive blend

vs APFSDS: 800mm, with Kontakt-5 = 800–830mm; vs HEAT: 1,000mm with Kontakt-5 = 1,150–1,350mm[2][3][4]
Main
armament
125 mm smoothbore gun withATGM capability; mainly 9M119 Svir
Secondary
armament
12.7mm Kord Heavy machine gun,7.62mm PKMT
Engine

Model 84 V-84 12-cyl. diesel
V-92 12-cyl. diesel
V-96 12-cyl. diesel
840 hp (618 kW) for V-84 12-cyl. diesel engine
950 hp (736 kW) for V-92 12-cyl. diesel engine

1,250 hp (930 kW) for V-96 12-cyl. diesel engine
Power/weight

18.1 hp/tonne (13.5 kW/tonne) for V-84 12-cyl. diesel engine
20.4 hp/tonne (15.8 kW/tonne) for V-92 12-cyl. diesel engine

26.3 hp/tonne (19.8 kW/tonne) for V-96 12-cyl. diesel engine
Suspension Torsion bar
Operational
range
550–700 km (340–430 mi) (depending on type of engine)
Speed 60–65 km/h (37–40 mph) (depending on type of engine)
 

The T-90 is a Russian third-generation main battle tank that is essentially a modernisation of the T-72B, incorporating many features of the T-80U (it was originally to be called the T-72BU, later renamed to T-90). It is currently the most modern tank in service with the Russian Ground Forces and Naval Infantry. Although a development of the T-72, the T-90 uses a 125mm 2A46 smoothbore tank gun, 1G46 gunner sights, a new engine, and thermal sights. Standard protective measures include a blend of steel, composite armour, smoke mortars, Kontakt-5 explosive-reactive armorlaser warning receiversNakidka camouflage and the Shtora infrared ATGM jamming system. The EMT-7electromagnetic pulse (EMP) creator has been used in testing but not fitted to T-90s in active service.[5] It is designed and built by Uralvagonzavod, in Nizhny Tagil, Russia. Since 2011, the Russian armed forces have ceased ordering the T-90, and are instead waiting for the development of the Armata Universal Combat Platform that is expected to enter service in 2016.[6]

Development

By 1992, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced that it could no longer afford to manufacture two main battle tanks in parallel.[7] Since both the "quality" T-80U and the cheaper "quantity" T-72B were being built at different plants, and each plant was critical to the economy of its city, the government gave small orders to both. Omsk built five T-80Us and Nizhny Tagil built fifteen T-72s, and both built more in the hopes of winning large export orders. Nizhny Tagil had built a few T-72BAs, T-72Bs upgraded with a third generation add-on explosive reactive armour (ERA) called Kontakt-5, which was already in service on the T-80U.[7]

To further improve the T-72's export prospects and its chances of being selected as Russia's sole production main battle tank, the T-80U's more sophisticated fire control system was also added to produce a vehicle designated T-72BU. The T-90 was developed by the Kartsev-Venediktov Design Bureau at the Uralvagonzavod factory in Nizhny Tagil. The production model is based on the T-72BM, with some added features from the T-80 series.[7]

The T-90 with an 830 hp (620 kW) engine went into low-level production in 1993, based on a prototype designated T-88. It features a new generation of Kontakt-5 explosive reactive armor on its hull and turret. Of conventional layout, the T-90 represents a major upgrade to every system in the T-72, including the main gun.[7] The T-90S have been identified as export model. The references to a T-90E appear to be unsubstantiated.[7] The T-90 is fitted with a "three-tiered" protection system: the first tier is the composite armour in the turret, second tier is third generation Kontakt-5 ERA and third tier is a Shtora-1 countermeasures suite.[7]

T-90s were used in combat for the first time during the invasion of Dagestan in 1999.

Production and service history

A T-90 during a military exercise in Russia, demonstrating underwater driving

The Russian Defence Ministry made a selection of a single main battle tank (MBT) in 1995.[7] The T-80 was more expensive and its delicate, fuel-hungry gas turbine engine provided a questionable advantage. In addition, the older T-80BV tanks performed poorly in urban combat in the First Chechen War.[8]

By September 1995, some 107 T-90 tanks had been produced, located in the Siberian Military District.[9] By mid-1996 some 107 T-90s had gone into service in the Far Eastern Military District.[10]

1999 saw the appearance of a new model of T-90, featuring the fully welded turret of the Object 187 experimental MBT instead of the original T-90's cast turret. This new model is called "Vladimir" in honour of T-90 Chief Designer Vladimir Potkin, who died in 1999. It is unknown how this design affects the protection and layout of the turret, or whether the tank's hull armour layout was changed.

A Russian Army T-90A

The T-90A saw combat action during the 1999 Chechen invasion of Dagestan. According to Moscow Defense Brief, one T-90 was hit by seven RPG anti-tank rockets but remained in action. The journal concludes that with regular equipment T-90A seems to be the best protected Russian tank, especially if the Shtora and Arena defensive protection systems are integrated in it.[11]

In 2007, there were about 334 T-90 tanks serving in the Russian Ground Forces' 5th Guards Tank Division, stationed in the Siberian Military District, and seven T-90 tanks in the Navy.[12] Some 31 new T-90 tanks were expected to enter service in 2007, and 60 in 2008.[12]

The Russian Federal Service for Defense Contracts (Rosoboronzakaz) announced in July 2008 that a new tank (which rumour has previously referred to as the T-95) was due to be introduced in 2009, but development was cancelled in May 2010.[13]

Russia is developing a new Universal Combat Platform T-99 (also known as Armata) to be ready for use by 2015. It is expected to have a more powerful engine, improved armor, main gun and autoloader, with ammunition storage separated from the crew.[14]

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