Debut: February 2017



.: Min Hin Chong's T-80UM "Black Eagle"


# UA72057



Modelling Time:

20+ hrs

PE/Resin Detail:



Smoke Discharger Banks (from spares box)
Russian Style Turret Hatches (from spares box)
Remote Weapon System (scratch built) "


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
T-80U main battle tank
T-80U main battle tank at Engineering Technologies 2012 international forum.
Type Main battle tank
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1976–present
Used by BelarusCyprusEgyptKazakhstanArmeniaPakistanRussiaSouth KoreaUkraine
Wars First Chechen WarSecond Chechen War2008 South Ossetia War,[1] War in Donbass[2]
Production history
Designer Nikolay PopovLKZ (T-80),[3]KMDB (T-80UD)
Designed 1967–1975
Manufacturer LKZ and Omsk Transmash, Russia
Malyshev Factory, Ukraine[4]
Unit cost USD $2.2 million T80U export, 1994.[5]
Produced 1976–1992[6]
No. built 5,404 (as of 2005)[4]
Variants engineering & recovery, mobile bridge, mine-plough with KMT-6 plough-type system and KMT-7 roller-type system.
Specifications (T-80B / T-80U)
Weight 42.5 tonnes T-80B, 46 tonnes T-80U[7]
Length 9.9 m (32 ft 6 in) T-80B, 9.654 m (31 ft 8.1 in) T-80U (gun forward)
7.4 m (24 ft 3 in) T-80B, 7 m (23 ft 0 in) T80U, (hull)[7]
Width 3.4 m (11 ft 2 in) T-80B
3.603 m (11 ft 9.9 in) T-80U[7]
Height 2.202 m (7 ft 2.7 in) T-80B, T-80U[7]
Crew 3[7]

  • T-80B : Hull 440-450 mm vs APFSDS 500-575 mm vs HEAT, Turret 500 mm vs APFSDS 650 mm vs HEAT[8]
  • T-80U : Hull & Turret with Kontakt-5 780 mm vs APFSDS 1320 mm vs HEAT[9]
125 mm 2A46-2 smoothbore gun,[10] 36 rounds T-80B, 2A46M-1 with 45 rounds T-80U
9M112 Kobra ATGM, 4 missiles T-80B, 9M119 Refleks ATGM, 6 missiles T-80U[7]
7.62 mm PKT coax MG, 12.7 mm NSVT or PKT antiaircraft MG
Engine SG-1000 gas turbine T-80B, GTD-1250 turbine T-80U, or one of 3 diesel T-80UD[11]
1,000 hp T-80B, 1,250 hp T-80U[7]
Power/weight 23.5 hp (17.6 kW) / tonne T-80B
27.2 hp (20.3 kW) / tonne T-80U
Transmission manual, 5 forward gears, 1 reverse T-80B, 4 forward, 1 reverse T-80U[7]
Suspension torsion bar[7]
Ground clearance 0.38 m (1.2 ft) T-80B, 0.446 m (1.46 ft) T-80U[7]
Fuel capacity 1,100 litres (240 imp gal) (internal)
740 litres (160 imp gal) (external)
335 km (208 mi) (road, without external tanks)
415 km (258 mi) (road, with external tanks)[7]
Speed 70 km/h (43 mph) (road)
48 km/h (30 mph) (cross country)[11]

The T-80 is a third-generation main battle tank (MBT) designed and manufactured in the Soviet Union. When it entered service in 1976, it was the first MBT in the world to feature a powerful multifuel turbine engine as its main propulsion engine. The T-80U was last produced in a factory in Omsk, Russia, while the T-80UD and further-developed T-84 continue to be produced in Ukraine. The T-80 and its variants are in service in BelarusCyprusEgyptKazakhstan,[12] PakistanRussiaSouth Korea, and Ukraine. The chief designer of the T-80 was the Russian engineer Nikolay Popov.[13]

Development history

The project to build the first Soviet turbine powered tank began in 1949. Its designer was A. Ch. Starostienko, who worked at the Leningrad Kirov Plant (LKZ). The tank was never built because available turbine engines were of very poor quality. In 1955 two prototype 1,000 hp (746 kW) turbine engines were built at the same plant under the guidance of G. A. Ogloblin. Two years later a team led by the famous heavy tank designer Josef Kotin constructed two prototypes of the Ob'yekt 278 tank. Both were hybrids of the IS-7 and the T-10 heavy tanks, powered by the GTD-1 turbine engine, weighing 53.5 tonnes and armed with the M65 130 mm tank gun. The turbine engine allowed the tank to reach a maximum speed of 57.3 km/h (35.6 mph) but with only 1950 liters of fuel on board, range was a mere 300 km (190 mi). The two tanks were considered experimental vehicles and work on them eventually ceased. In 1963, the Morozov Design Bureau designed the T-64 and T-64T tanks. They used a GTD-3TL turbine engine which generated 700 hp (522 kW). The tank was tested until 1965. At the same time at Uralvagonzavod a design team under the guidance of L. N. Kartsev created the Ob'yekt 167T tank. It used the GTD-3T turbine engine which supplied 801 hp (597 kW).[14]

In 1966 the experimental Ob'yekt 288 rocket tank, powered by two aerial GTD-350 turbine engines with a combined power of 691 hp (515 kW), was first built. Trials indicated that twin propulsion was no better than the turbine engine which had been in development since 1968 at KB-3 of the Kirov Plant (LKZ) and at WNII Transmash. The tank from LKZ equipped with this turbine engine was designed by Nikolay Popov. It was constructed in 1969 and designated Ob'yekt 219 SP1. It was renamed the T-64T, and was powered by a GTD-1000T multi-fuel gas turbine engine producing up to 1,000 hp (746 kW). During the trials it became clear that the increased weight and dynamic characteristics required a complete redesign of the vehicle's caterpillar track system. The second prototype, designated Ob'yekt 219 SP2, received bigger drive sprockets and return rollers. The number of wheels was increased from five to six. The construction of the turret was altered to use the same compartment, 125 mm 2A46 tank gun, auto loader and placement of ammunition as the T-64A. Some additional equipment was scavenged from the T-64A. The LKZ plant built a series of prototypes based on Ob'yekt 219 SP2. After seven years of upgrades, the tank became the T-80.[15]


The T-80 is similar in layout to the T-64; the driver's compartment is on the centre line at the front, the two-man turret is in the centre with gunner on the left and commander on the right, and the engine is rear mounted.[16] Overall, its shape is also very similar to the T-64. The original T-80 design uses a 1,000 horsepower gas turbine instead of a 750-horsepower diesel engine, although some later variants of the T-80 revert to diesel engine usage. The gearbox is different, with five forward and one reverse gear, instead of seven forward and one reverse. Suspension reverts from pneumatic to torsion bar, with six forged steel-aluminium rubber-tyred road wheels on each side, with the tracks driven by rear sprockets.[16] The glacis is of laminate armour and the turret is armoured steel. The turret houses the same 125 mm 2A46 smoothbore gun as the T-72, which can fire anti-tank guided missiles as well as regular ordnance.[16] The tracks are slightly wider and longer than on the T-64 giving lower ground pressure.[16]

The main gun is fed by the Korzina automatic loader. This holds up to 28 rounds of two-part ammunition in a carousel located under the turret floor.[17] Additional ammunition is stored within the turret. The ammunition comprises the projectile (APFSDS, HEAT or HE-Frag) plus the propellant charge, or the two-part missile.[17] The autoloader is an effective, reliable, combat tested system which has been in use since the mid-1960s. The propellant charge is held inside a semi-combustible cartridge case made of a highly flammable material – this is consumed in the breech during firing, except for a small metal baseplate.[17]

A disadvantage highlighted during combat in Chechnya was the vulnerability of the T-80BV to catastrophic explosion.[17] The reason given by US and Russian experts is the vulnerability of stored semi-combustible propellant charges and missiles when contacted by the molten metal jet from the penetration of a HEAT warhead, causing the entire ammunition load to explode.[17] This vulnerability may be addressed in later models. When Western tank designs changed from non-combustible propellant cartridges to semi-combustible, they tended to separate ammunition stowage from the crew compartment with armoured blast doors, and provided 'blow-out' panels to redirect the force and fire of exploding ammunition away from the crew compartment.[17]

The autoloader takes between 7.1 and 19.5 seconds to load the main weapon (28[18] rounds), depending on the initial position of autoloader carousel.

The T-80's armor is made of composite armor on the turret and hull, while rubber flaps and sideskirts protect the sides and lower hull. The later T-80 models use explosive reactive armor and stronger armor, like the T-80U and T-80UM1. Other protection systems include the Shtora-1 and Arena APS, as well as the discontinued Drozd APS (though a limited number of T-80Us have them installed).

The latest T-80 variant in service, the T-84 Oplot, has an entirely new turret with armoured ammunition compartment to help prevent accidental detonation.

Production history

This T-80BV (a monument in St Petersburg) has reactive armour adapted to its turret and hull. The later T-80U has a large applique of explosive reactive armour installed — providing higher crew and tank survivability than prior models.



Thanks Wikipedia!

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