.: Jon Bunce's J&L Vacform Phoenix D1

The robustly-built fighter biplane Phoenix D.I was produced by Phoenix Flugzeugwerke AG,  Wien´s aircraft factory. It was derived in the middle of 1917 year from the licence-built Hansa Brandenburg D.I type by the Phoenix design department, guided by Diplom-Ingenieur Leo Kirsten. Wing system  was created by Diplom-Ingenieur Edmund Sparman, Austria prewar pilot and designer.
The wooden fuselage was derived from the Hansa Brandenburg D. I but it was a few inches longer to accommodate the 200hp Hiero engine. Armament consisted of twin synchronized Schwarzlose 8.8 mm machine guns. There were mounted well forward alongside the engine. Inward-sloping wing struts were typical for Sparman-designed wing cellule. Flight comparsions performed in September 1917, showed that Phoenix D.I was faster in speed and climb than the Albatros D.III and possessed better flight characteristics than the Aviatik (Berg) D.I.
There were ordered three series of the Phoenix D.I type, which were differed by three engine manufacturers: Eisler, Warchalowski and Co, Austro-Fiat Werke (Fi) and Maschinenbau AG Breitfeld, Danek and Co (Bd). The numbers assigned were:
Phoenix D.I  128.01  to  128.31  200hp Hiero
Phoenix D.I  228.01  to  228.55  200hp Hiero(Fi)
Phoenix D.I  328.01  to  328.34  200hp Hiero(Bd)

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