.: Bob Williams' Tamiya Retreat Into Tunisia

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"Retreat Into Tunisia"

In late April 1943 a Luftwaffe 8 ton half-track tows an 88mm Flak/Anti-Tank gun across rocky ground in Northern Tunisia, shortly before the collapse of the "Armee in Afrika" on the 12th May. The gun & tractor crews have abandoned the vehicle, under attack from Allied fighter-bombers.

Timeline of World War II (1943)

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This is a timeline of events that occurred during World War II in 1943.

March 1943

Battle of Bismarck Sea
1: Battle of the Bismarck Sea. U.S. and Australian naval forces, over the course of three days, sink eight Japanese troop transports near New Guinea.
: Heinz Guderian becomes the Inspector-General of the Armoured Troops for the German Army.
2: Wingate's Chindits continue their localised strikes in Burma.
5: German advances around Kharkov threaten earlier Red Army gains.
: Continued RAF bombing of the Ruhr valley, particularly Essen.
6: Battle of Medenine, Tunisia. It is Rommel's last battle in Africa as he is forced to retreat.
8: Continuing German counter-attacks around Kharkov.
9: Members of the Calcutta Light Horse carry out a covert attack against a German merchantship, which had been transmitting Allied positions to U-boats from the Mormugao Harbour in Portugal's neutral territory of Goa.
10: The USAAF 14th Air Force is formed in China, under General Claire Lee Chennault, former head of the "Flying Tigers."
: The US House of Representatives votes to extend the Lend-Lease plan.
11: The Germans enter Kharkov and the fierce struggle with the Red Army continues.
13: German forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków.
14: Germans recapture Kharkov.
16: The first reports of the Katyn massacre in Poland seep to the West; reports say that more than 22,000 prisoners of war were killed by the NKVD, who eventually blame the massacre on the Germans.
: Stalin for the ninth time demands a "Second Front," accusing his allies of treachery.
17: Devastating convoy losses in the Atlantic due to increased U-boat activity; the middle of the Atlantic is apparently not sufficiently covered by planes or ships.
18: General George S. Patton leads his tanks of II Corps into Gafsa, Tunisia.
20: Montgomery's forces begin a breakthrough in Tunisia, striking at the Mareth line.
23: American tanks defeat the Germans at El Guettar, Tunisia.
24-25: Seventy-six Allied PoWs escape from Stalag Luft III in Sagan. This becomes known as the "Great Escape". Seventy-three were later recaptured; of these 50 were executed, 23 were sent back to prison camps and three escaped to freedom.
26: The British break through the Mareth line in southern Tunisia, threatening the whole German army. The Germans move north.
: Battle of the Komandorski Islands. In the Aleutian Islands United States Navy forces intercept Japanese attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska. Poor leadership on both sides leads to a stalemate of sorts, and the Japanese withdraw without achieving their goal.

April 1943

1: Allies continue to squeeze the Germans into the corner of Tunisia.
3: Racial tensions between American marines and New Zealand troops of Māori origin result in the Battle of Manners Street, a small-scale riot in which no lives were lost
4: The only large-scale escape of Allied prisoners-of-war from the Japanese in the Pacific takes place when ten American POWs and two Filipino convicts break out of the Davao Penal Colony on the island of Mindanao in the southern Philippines. The escaped POWs were the first to break the news of the infamous Bataan Death March and other atrocities committed by the Japanese to the world.[4]
7: Hitler and Mussolini come together at Salzburg, mostly for the purpose of propping up Mussolini's fading morale.[1][3][5]
: Allied forces–the Americans from the West, the British from the East–link up near Gafsa in Tunisia.
: Bolivia declares war on Germany, Japan, and Italy.[1]
8: The Red Army attacks in an attempt to retake all of the Crimea; they take Kerch in the east on the 11th, and the Germans retreat westward to Sevastopol.
10: The British 8th Army enters Sfax, Tunisia.[1][3]
13: Radio Berlin announces the discovery by Wehrmacht of mass graves of Poles purportedly killed by Soviets in the Katyn massacre.
15: Finland officially rejects Soviet terms for peace.[3]
: Heavy RAF raid on Stuttgart.
18: Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, chief architect of Japanese naval strategy, is killed when his plane is shot down by American P38's over Bougainville. He was on an inspection tour.[1]
: The "Palm Sunday massacre": large numbers of German troop-transport aircraft are shot down before reaching Tunisia, where they were to pick up the isolated German troops.
19-30: The Bermuda Conference takes place in Hamilton, Bermuda. U.K. and U.S. leaders discuss the plight of the European Jews.[1]
19: The Warsaw Ghetto uprising: On the Eve of Passover, Jews resist German attempts to deport the Jewish community.[1][3]
19: In occupied Belgium, partisans attack the a railway convoy transporting Belgian Jews to Auschwitz. It is the largest attack on a Holocaust train of the war and 236 Jews escape.
26: The British finally take "Longstop Hill" in Tunisia, a key position on the breakout road to Tunis.
28: Allies attempt to close the mid-Atlantic gap in the war against the U-boats with long-range bombers.
30: Operation Mincemeat: Lt. Jewell's crew releases Martin's body near the Spanish coast. Later, the body washes up on the Spanish coast and is discovered by a local fisherman.

May 1943

Photo from Jürgen Stroop's report to Heinrich Himmler from May 1943 and one of the best-known pictures of World War II.
The original German caption reads: "Forcibly pulled out of dug-outs". The boy in the picture might be Tsvi Nussbaum, who survived the Holocaust.[6]
1: Allies close in on the cornered Germans in the Tunis area.
2: Japanese aircraft again bomb Darwin, Australia.
7: Tunis captured by British First Army. Meanwhile the Americans take Bizerte.
9: The Japanese begin a three-day massacre of civilians; about 30,000 Chinese are killed in the Changjiao massacre.[1]
11: American troops invade Attu Island in the Aleutian Islands in an attempt to expel occupying Japanese forces.[1][3]
12: The Trident Conference begins in Washington, D.C. with Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill taking part. The discussions are mostly on future strategy.[1][3]
13: Remaining German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied forces. The Allies take over 250,000 prisoners.[1][3]
15: The French form a "Resistance Movement."
16: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising ends. The ghetto has been destroyed, with about 14,000 Jews killed and about another 40,000 sent to the death camp at Treblinka.[1][3][7]
: The Dambuster Raids are carried out by RAF 617 Squadron on two German dams, Mohne and Eder. The Ruhr war industries lose electrical power.[1][3]
17: The Germans launch their fifth major offensive against Tito's partisans in Yugoslavia.[1][3]
19: Winston Churchill addresses a joint session of the U.S. Congress. He praises the partnership of the two Allies.[3]
22: Allies bomb Sicily and Sardinia, both possible landing sites.
24: Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the majority of U-boats to withdraw from the Atlantic because of heavy losses to new Allied anti-sub tactics. By the end of the month, 43 U-boats are lost, compared to 34 Allied ships sunk. This is referred to as "Black May".[1][3]
: Josef Mengele becomes Chief Medical Officer in Auschwitz.[1]
29: RAF bombs Wuppertal, causing heavy civilian losses.
30: Attu Island is again under American control.[3]
31: American B-17's bomb Naples

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