.: Bob Williams' Tamiya Panzerkampfwagen IV Diorama

Brand:
Tamiya #35209
Scale:
1/35th
Modelling Time:
many Bob hrs
PE/Resin Detail:
none
Comments:

"In a diorama with ammo. transporter and loading crew.
Tamiya kits.
Another delightful Tamiya build (vinyl tracks again!) on a sparse diorama base
Russia 1942??) .

For the 'McCallum Collection'."

Panzer IV

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Panzerkampfwagen IV
SdKfz161-1-1.jpg
A Panzer IV Ausf G. in desert colors, bearing the palm tree insignia of the 15th Panzer Division of the Afrika Korps.
Type Medium tank
Place of origin Nazi Germany
Service history
In service 1939–(1945 Germany)–1967
Used by Nazi Germany
Romania
Turkey
Hungary
Bulgaria
Finland
Spain
Croatia
Syria
Wars World War II, 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Six-Day War
Production history
Designer Krupp
Designed 1936
Manufacturer Krupp, Vomag, Nibelungenwerk
Unit cost ~ 103,462 Reichsmark[1]
Produced 1936–45
Number built ~8553[2]
Specifications (Pz IV Ausf H, 1943[3])
Weight 25.0 tonnes (27.6 short tons; 24.6 long tons)
Length 5.92 metres (19 ft 5 in)
7.02 metres (23 ft 0 in) gun forward
Width 2.88 m (9 ft 5 in)
Height 2.68 m (8 ft 10 in)
Crew 5 (commander, gunner, loader, driver, radio operator/bow machine-gunner)

Armour 10–88 mm (0.39–3.5 in) (w/ armour skirts)
Main
armament
7.5 cm (2.95 in) KwK 40 L/48 main gun (87 rds.)
Secondary
armament
2 × 7.92 mm Maschinengewehr 34 Panzerlauf (3,150 rds.)
Engine 12-cylinder Maybach HL 120 TRM V12
300 PS (296 hp, 220 kW)
Power/weight 12 PS/t
Transmission (Synchromesh ZF SSG 77) 6 forward and 1 reverse ratios
Suspension Leaf spring
Fuel capacity 470 l (120 US gal)
Operational
range
200 km (120 mi)
Speed 42 km/h (26 mph) road, 16 km/h (9.9 mph) off road
 

The Panzerkampfwagen IV (Pz.Kpfw. IV), commonly known as the Panzer IV, was a German medium tank developed in the late 1930s and used extensively during the Second World War. Its ordnance inventory designation was Sd.Kfz. 161.

Designed as an infantry-support tank, the Panzer IV was not originally intended to engage enemy armor—that function was performed by the lighter Panzer III. However, with the flaws of pre-war doctrine becoming apparent and in the face of Soviet T-34 tanks, the Panzer IV soon assumed the tank-fighting role of its increasingly obsolete cousin. The most widely manufactured and deployed German tank of the Second World War, the Panzer IV was used as the base for many other fighting vehicles, including the Sturmgeschütz IV assault gun, Jagdpanzer IV tank destroyer, the Wirbelwind self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon, and the Brummbär self-propelled gun.

Robust and reliable, it saw service in all combat theaters involving Germany and has the distinction of being the only German tank to remain in continuous production throughout the war, with over 8800 produced between 1936 and 1945. Upgrades and design modifications, often made in response to the appearance of new Allied tanks, extended its service life. Generally, these involved increasing the Panzer IV's armor protection or upgrading its weapons, although during the last months of the war with Germany's pressing need for rapid replacement of losses, design changes also included retrograde measures to simplify and speed manufacture.

The Panzer IV was the most widely exported tank in German service, with around 300 sold to partners such as Finland, Romania, Spain and Bulgaria. After the war, seeking to improve its armored forces, Syria procured PzKpfw IV from France and Czechoslovakia, which were to see combat in the 1967 Six-Day War.

Development history

Origins

The Panzer IV was the brainchild of German general and innovative armored warfare theorist General Heinz Guderian.[4] In concept, it was intended to be a support tank for use against enemy anti-tank guns and fortifications.[5] Ideally, each tank battalion in a panzer division was to have three medium companies of Panzer IIIs and one heavy company of Panzer IVs.[6] On 11 January 1934, the German army wrote the specifications for a "medium tractor", and issued them to a number of defense companies. To support the Panzer III, which would be armed with a 37-millimetre (1.46 in) anti-tank gun, the new vehicle would have a short-barreled 75-millimetre (2.95 in) howitzer as its main gun, and was allotted a weight limit of 24 tonnes (26.46 short tons). Development was carried out under the name Begleitwagen ("accompanying vehicle"),[7] or BW, to disguise its actual purpose, given that Germany was still theoretically bound by the Treaty of Versailles.[8] MAN, Krupp, and Rheinmetall-Borsig each developed prototypes,[6] with Krupp's being selected for further development.[9]

The chassis had originally been designed with a six-wheeled interleaved suspension, but the German Army amended this to a torsion bar system. Permitting greater vertical deflection of the roadwheels, this was intended to improve performance and crew comfort both on- and off-road.[9][10] However, due to the urgent requirement for the new tank, neither proposal was adopted, and Krupp instead equipped it with a simple leaf spring double-bogie suspension.

The prototype required a crew of five men; the hull contained the engine bay to the rear, with the driver and radio operator, who doubled as the hull machine gunner, seated at the front-left and front-right, respectively. In the turret, the tank commander sat beneath his roof hatch, while the gunner was situated to the left of the gun breech and the loader to the right. The turret was offset 66.5 mm (2.62 in) to the left of the chassis center line, while the engine was moved 152.4 mm (6.00 in) to the right. This allowed the torque shaft to clear the rotary base junction, which provided electrical power to turn the turret, while connecting to the transmission box mounted in the hull between the driver and radio operator. Due to the asymmetric layout, the right side of the tank contained the bulk of its stowage volume, which was taken up by ready-use ammunition lockers.[9]

Accepted into service as the Versuchskraftfahrzeug 622 (Vs.Kfz. 622),[8] production began in 1936 at Fried. Krupp Grusonwerk AG factory at Magdeburg.[11]

Thanks Wikipedia!

Box art:

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