.: Bob Williams' Tamiya 1/35th 88mm "Flak" Gun & Crew - DIORAMA

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"Tamiya" 88mm 'Flak' Gun (Geschutze 8.8Fw.) and Gun Crew

In a sand-bagged muddy clearing - North-Western Russia, Autumn 1943?

for Rob MacCallum

8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41

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8.8 cm Flak 18-36
8.8 cm Flak 18 barrel on a Flak 36 cruciform at the Imperial War Museum in London
Type Anti-aircraft gun
Place of origin Nazi Germany
Service history
In service 1936–1945
Used by Nazi Germany
Republic of China
Wars Spanish Civil War, World War II, Sino-Japanese War
Production history
Designer Krupp
Designed 1928
Manufacturer Krupp, Rheinmetall
Unit cost 33,600 RM[1]
Produced 1933-1945
Number built 21,310[citation needed]
Specifications (Flak 36[2])
Weight 7,407 kg (16,325 lbs)
Length 5.791 m (20 ft)
Barrel length 4.938 m (16 ft 2 in) L/56
Height 2.10 m (6 ft 11 in) (firing)

Shell 88×571 mm. R
Caliber 88 mm (3.46 in)
Barrels One, 32 grooves with right-hand increasing twist from 1/45 to 1/30
Breech Horizontal semi-automatic sliding block
Recoil Independent liquid and hydropneumatic
Carriage Sonderanhänger 202
Elevation -3° to +85°
Traverse 360°
Rate of fire 15-20 rpm
Muzzle velocity 820 m/s (2,690 ft/s)
Effective range 14,810 m (16,200 yds) ground target
7,620 m (25,000 ft) effective ceiling
Maximum range 11,900 m (39,000 ft) maximum ceiling
Sights ZF.20

The 88 mm gun (eighty-eight) was a German anti-aircraft and anti-tank artillery gun from World War II. It was widely used by Germany throughout the war, and was one of the most recognized German weapons of the war. Development of the original models led to a wide variety of guns.

The name applies to a series of guns, the first one officially called the 8,8 cm Flak 18, the improved 8,8 cm Flak 36, and later the 8,8 cm Flak 37.[N 1] Flak is a contraction of German Flugzeugabwehrkanone[3][N 2] meaning "aircraft-defense cannon", the original purpose of the eighty-eight. In English, "flak" became a generic term for ground anti-aircraft fire. In informal German use, the guns were universally known as the Acht-acht ("eight-eight").[N 3]

The versatile carriage allowed the eighty-eight to be fired in a limited anti-tank mode when still on wheels,[2] and to be completely emplaced in only two-and-a-half minutes.[2] Its successful use as an improvised anti-tank gun led to the development of a tank gun based upon it. These related guns served as the main armament of tanks such as the Tiger I: the 8.8 cm KwK 36, with the "KwK" abbreviation standing for KampfwagenKanone (literally "battle vehicle cannon", or "tank cannon").

In addition to these Krupp designs, Rheinmetall later created a more powerful anti-aircraft gun, the 8,8 cm Flak 41,[N 1] which was produced in relatively small numbers. Krupp responded with another prototype of the long-barreled 88 mm gun, which was further developed into the anti-tank and tank destroyer 8.8 cm Pak 43 gun used for the Elefant and Jagdpanther, and turret-mounted 8.8 cm KwK 43 heavy tank gun of the Tiger II.


Initially, anti-aircraft artillery guns of World War I were adaptations of existing medium-calibre weapons, mounted to allow fire at higher angles. By 1915, the German command realized that these are useless for anything beyond deterrence, even against the vulnerable balloons and slow-moving aircraft.[4] With the increase of aircraft performance, many armies developed dedicated AA guns with a high muzzle velocity – allowing the projectiles to reach greater altitudes – and a high rate of fire. The first such German gun was introduced in 1917, and it used caliber 88 mm, common in the Kaiserliche Marine German navy.[4]

After losing the war, Germany had been forbidden to procure new weapons of most types. Nevertheless, the Krupp company started the development of a new gun in partnership with Bofors of Sweden. The original design was a 75 mm model.[4] During the prototype phase, the army asked for a gun with considerably greater capability. The designers started over, using 88 mm caliber.

Please go to Wikipedia, if you want any further information

Thanks Wikipedia!


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