Debut: July 2016



.: Adrian Gower's Russia 1942 diorama





Modelling Time:

12 months

PE/Resin Detail:




Operation Barbarossa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Operation Barbarossa
Part of the Eastern Front of World War II
Operation Barbarossa Infobox.jpg
Clockwise from top left: German soldiers advance through Northern Russia, German flamethrower team in the Soviet Union, Soviet planes flying over German positions near Moscow, Soviet prisoners of war on the way to German prison camps, Soviet soldiers fire at German positions.
Date 22 June – 5 December 1941
(5 months, 1 week and 6 days)
Location Eastern and Northern Europe
Result See Aftermath
 Soviet Union
Commanders and leaders
Units involved

Frontline strength (initial)

Frontline strength (initial)

Casualties and losses

Total military casualties:

Total military casualties:

Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for Nazi Germany's World War II invasion of the Soviet Union, which began on 22 June 1941. The operation was driven by Adolf Hitler's ideological desire to conquer Soviet territory as outlined in his 1925 manifesto Mein Kampf ("My Struggle").

In the two years leading up to the invasion, the two countries signed political and economic pacts for strategic purposes. Nevertheless, on 18 December 1940, Hitler authorized an invasion of the Soviet Union, with a planned start date of 15 May 1941. The actual invasion began on 22 June 1941. Over the course of the operation, about four million soldiers of the Axis powers invaded the Soviet Union along a 2,900-kilometer (1,800 mi) front, the largest invasion force in the history of warfare. In addition to troops, the Germans employed some 600,000 motor vehicles and between 600,000 and 700,000 horses. It marked the beginning of the rapid escalation of the war, both geographically and in the formation of the Allied coalition.

Operationally, the Germans won resounding victories and occupied some of the most important economic areas of the Soviet Union, mainly in Ukraine, both inflicting and sustaining heavy casualties. Despite their successes, the German offensive stalled on the outskirts of Moscow and was subsequently pushed back by a Soviet counteroffensive. The Red Army repelled the Wehrmacht's strongest blows and forced Germany into a war of attrition for which it was unprepared. The Germans would never again mount a simultaneous offensive along the entire strategic Soviet-Axis front. The failure of the operation drove Hitler to demand further operations inside the USSR of increasingly limited scope, all of which eventually failed, such as Case Blue and Operation Citadel.

The failure of Operation Barbarossa was a turning point in the fortunes of the Third Reich. Most importantly, the operation opened up the Eastern Front, to which more forces were committed than in any other theater of war in world history. The Eastern Front became the site of some of the largest battles, most horrific atrocities, and highest casualties for Soviets and Germans alike, all of which influenced the course of both World War II and the subsequent history of the 20th century. The German forces captured millions of Soviet prisoners who were not granted protections stipulated in the Geneva Conventions. Most of them never returned alive; Germany deliberately starved the prisoners to death as part of a "Hunger Plan" that aimed to reduce the population of Eastern Europe and then re-populate it with ethnic Germans. Over a million Soviet Jews were murdered by Einsatzgruppen death squads and gassing as part of the Holocaust.


Case Blue

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Case Blue — German summer offensive of 1942
Part of the Eastern Front of World War II
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-218-0503-19, Russland-Süd, zerstörter russischer Panzer.jpg
German troops take cover behind a knocked out T-70light tank and beside a Sd.Kfz. 250 halftrack, summer 1942
Date 28 June – 24 November 1942
Location Voronezh, Rostov to Stalingrad, Kuban, Caucasus, Southern Russia, Soviet Union
Result Strategic Axis failure
 Soviet Union
Commanders and leaders
  • 1,300,000 personnel
    • 1 million Germans
    • 300,000 German allies
  • 1,900 tanks[b][2]
  • 1,610 aircraft[3]
  • Initially: 2,700,000 personnel
    • 1,700,000 men
    • 1,000,000 reserve
  • 3,720 tanks[4]
  • c. 1,671 aircraft[5]
Casualties and losses
  • 2,226,416
  • 1,111,681 killed and missing
  • 1,114,735 wounded and sick[note][7]

Case Blue (GermanFall Blau), later renamed Operation Braunschweig,[8] was the German Armed Forces' (Wehrmacht) name for its plan for the 1942 strategic summer offensive in southern Russia between 28 June and 24 November 1942.

The operation was a continuation of the previous year's Operation Barbarossa, intended to knock the Soviet Union out of the war, and involved a two-pronged attack against the oil fields of Baku as well as an advance in the direction of Stalingrad along the Volga River, to cover the flanks of the advance towards Baku. For this part of the operation, Army Group South (Heeresgruppe Süd) of the German Army (Wehrmacht Heer) was divided into Army Groups A and B (Heeresgruppe A and B). Army Group A was tasked with crossing the Caucasus mountains to reach the Baku oil fields, while Army Group B protected its flanks along the Volga.

Initially, the offensive saw gains, with an advance into the Caucasus capturing large areas of land and several oil fields. However, the Red Army defeated the Germans at Stalingrad, following Operations Uranus and Little Saturn. This defeat forced the Axis to retreat from the Caucasus. Only the city of Kurskand the Kuban region remained tentatively occupied by Axis troops.



Operation Barbarossa

Case Blue

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